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10 Largest States in India by Population and Area, Check Details

This article highlights the largest states in India, focusing on their population and area. Explore the diverse demographics…
10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details

This article highlights the largest states in India, focusing on their population and area. Explore the diverse demographics and vast geographical regions of these prominent states.


Largest States in India: India is known for its vast diversity, with states of different sizes and population densities. In 2024, some states are particularly notable for their large areas and populations. This article examines India’s biggest states by area and population, highlighting their demographics, economic importance, and cultural variety.


Largest States in India

10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details

India is one of the largest countries in the world, ranking 7th in land area. In this article, we explore the largest states in India by area and population, using approximate data from the NHS since the latest census is still pending. We also provide a detailed list of all Indian states, sorted by area and population in descending order. Discover the key states in India based on their vast size and dense populations.


Largest States in India by Area

10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details

India’s geographical diversity is evident in its large states. The biggest states by area are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh.

  • Rajasthan: Rajasthan, known as the “Land of Kings,” is the largest state in India by area. Famous for its deserts, historic forts, and vibrant culture, Rajasthan spans about 342,239 square kilometers.
  • Madhya Pradesh: In central India, Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest states by area. It features diverse landscapes, from dense forests to rocky plateaus, covering around 308,252 square kilometers.
  • Maharashtra: Maharashtra, home to the bustling city of Mumbai and its rich cultural heritage, is one of the largest states in India. With a long coastline along the Arabian Sea and varied landscapes, Maharashtra covers about 307,713 square kilometers.
  • Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, is also one of the largest by area, covering about 240,928 square kilometers.

This table lists the states of India ranked by their areas in square kilometers.

Largest States in India by Area
S. No.StateArea (sq. km)
1.Rajasthan342,239
2.Madhya Pradesh308,245
3.Maharashtra307,713
4.Uttar Pradesh240,928
5.Gujarat196,024
6.Karnataka191,791
7.Andhra Pradesh162,968
8.Odisha155,707
9.Chhattisgarh135,191
10.Tamil Nadu130,058

Largest States in India by Population

10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details

India’s demographic landscape features highly populous states that significantly contribute to its population. The largest states by population are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, and West Bengal.

  • Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with a staggering population of over 199 million people. Its diverse demographics, rich culture, and economic importance contribute to its large population.
  • Maharashtra: Maharashtra, a major economic force in India, boasts a significant population mainly centered in urban hubs like Mumbai, Pune, and Nagpur. With more than 112 million residents, Maharashtra is one of the most populous states in the nation.
  • Bihar: Bihar, famous for its fertile lands and vibrant culture, has a sizable population of over 104 million. Despite its agricultural importance, Bihar grapples with poverty, inadequate infrastructure, and educational hurdles.
  • West Bengal: Located in eastern India, West Bengal is celebrated for its rich literary and cultural legacy and diverse population. With more than 91 million residents, it is one of the nation’s most densely populated states.

This table lists the states of India ranked by their populations.

Largest States in India by Population
S. No.StatePopulation
1.Uttar Pradesh199,812,341
2.Maharashtra112,372,333
3.Bihar104,099,452
4.West Bengal91,276,115
5.Andhra Pradesh84,580,777
6.Madhya Pradesh72,626,809
7.Tamil Nadu72,147,030
8.Rajasthan68,548,437
9.Karnataka61,095,297
10.Gujarat60,439,692

The biggest states in India, in terms of size and population, play a vital role in molding the country’s demographic and economic scene. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, and West Bengal are key contributors to India’s population and significantly impact its socio-economic progress.

10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details

Uttar Pradesh: Due to its sizable population, Uttar Pradesh offers opportunities and obstacles to progress. The state government’s focus on industrialization, improving infrastructure, and creating jobs is crucial for tackling socio-economic gaps and encouraging inclusive development.

  • Maharashtra: Maharashtra, India’s top industrial and commercial center, fuels economic advancement and creativity. Its vibrant economy, boosted by finance, manufacturing, and information technology industries, draws investments and encourages entrepreneurial ventures.
  • Bihar: Despite its large population, Bihar faces challenges like poverty, lack of education, and insufficient infrastructure. However, efforts to enhance education, healthcare, and rural development are crucial for unleashing Bihar’s potential and enhancing the well-being of its people.
  • West Bengal: West Bengal’s strategic location and diverse economy create opportunities for investment and trade. The state’s emphasis on agriculture, manufacturing, and services and efforts to improve infrastructure and support entrepreneurship drive its economic growth and development.

Cultural Diversity and Heritage

India’s largest states are famous for their rich cultural heritage, traditions, and historical landmarks, drawing tourists worldwide.

10 Largest States In India By Population And Area, Check Details
  • Rajasthan: Rajasthan is famous for its forts, colorful festivals, and traditional handicrafts, capturing the essence of India’s cultural heritage. The state’s vibrant folk music, dance, and architectural wonders, like Amer Fort and Jaipur City Palace, highlight its rich legacy.
  • Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh, home to UNESCO World Heritage Sites like Khajuraho and Sanchi Stupa, is rich with ancient temples, cave paintings, and architectural marvels. The state’s diverse tribal communities, cultural festivals, and wildlife sanctuaries further enhance its cultural richness.
  • Maharashtra: Maharashtra, the birthplace of notable historical figures like Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, boasts a rich legacy of social reform and cultural achievements. The state’s diverse heritage is reflected in its cosmopolitan cities, traditional festivals, and culinary delights.
  • West Bengal: West Bengal, known for literary giants like Rabindranath Tagore and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, has a rich intellectual and artistic heritage. The state’s cultural landmarks, such as the Victoria Memorial and Dakshineswar Kali Temple, highlight its vibrant culture and historical importance.

India’s largest states by area and population, including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal, play a crucial role in shaping the nation’s socio-economic structure, cultural diversity, and historical heritage. These states make significant contributions to India’s demographics and economic growth.

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Conclusion

Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in India by population, while Rajasthan is the largest state in terms of area.


FAQs

Q1: Why is Uttar Pradesh the most populous state in India?

Ans: Uttar Pradesh, located in the northern part of India, has a high population due to factors such as its historical significance, fertile land for agriculture, and high birth rates. It is also one of the most densely populated states in India.

Q2: What factors contribute to Rajasthan being the largest state in India by area?

Ans: Rajasthan is characterized by vast desert expanses and low population density, contributing to its large area. Its geographical features include the Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range, which cover a significant portion of the state.

Q3:Why is Maharashtra one of the largest states in population and area?

Ans: Maharashtra is a diverse state comprising urban and rural areas, including major cities like Mumbai, Pune, and Nagpur. Its large population can be attributed to industrialization, urbanization, and migration from other parts of India.

Q4: How does Bihar maintain a high population despite its size?

Ans: Despite being smaller in area than some other states, Bihar has a dense population due to factors such as high birth rates, limited access to family planning services in rural areas, and a significant agrarian economy that supports livelihoods for a large population.

Q5: Are there any initiatives to manage the population growth in populous states like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar?

Ans: Yes, the Indian government, as well as various NGOs and international organizations, have implemented family planning and reproductive health programs in populous states to educate and provide access to contraceptives and family planning services. However, the effectiveness of these initiatives varies, and challenges such as cultural norms and socioeconomic factors continue to influence population growth.

Q6: How does West Bengal maintain a high population despite its relatively smaller area?

Ans: West Bengal’s high population is due to its historical importance as a center of trade and commerce, fertile agricultural lands, and significant urbanization, particularly in Kolkata and its surrounding areas.

Q7: What are the challenges faced by the most populous states in India?

Ans: The most populous states in India face challenges such as overpopulation pressure on resources, infrastructure strain, unemployment, poverty, and social issues like healthcare and education delivery.

Q8: How does population density impact the economy and development of a state?

Ans: Population density can affect a state’s economy and development by influencing factors like resource utilization, infrastructure planning, provision of services, and employment opportunities.

Q9: What are the major industries driving population growth in these states?

Ans: The major industries driving population growth in these states include agriculture, manufacturing, services, and urbanization-related sectors like construction, real estate, and information technology.

Q10: How does the government address population growth and its challenges in these states?

Ans: The government implements various policies and programs to address population growth and its challenges, such as family planning initiatives, healthcare services, education, employment generation schemes, and infrastructure development projects.


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