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10 Oldest Forts in India

Hey, history buffs and explorers! Today, let’s take a leisurely trip through India’s fascinating past as we discover…
10 Oldest Forts In India

Hey, history buffs and explorers!

Today, let’s take a leisurely trip through India’s fascinating past as we discover some incredible ancient forts. Picture yourself standing where historic battles occurred, mighty empires rose and fell, and countless stories of courage and intrigue played out.

From the rocky terrains of Rajasthan to the greenery of Kerala, India’s forts are like time machines, taking us back to ancient times. So, explore India’s oldest and most amazing forts with us!

1. Qila Mubarak – Punjab’s Hidden Jewel

 Year Est.: Circa 1763

10 Oldest Forts In India

Imagine a fortress that has been standing for more than a thousand years! That’s Qila Mubarak in Bathinda, Punjab, for you. It dates back to the early 11th century, when the rule of Rajputs, the heroic deeds of Guru Gobind Singh, and the impact of colonial rule were seen. What’s fascinating is its architecture, which blends Hindu, Sikh, and Islamic styles and reflects India’s rich cultural heritage.

Did You Know?

Qila Mubarak houses the Qila Sahib Gurdwara, where millions of Guru Gobind Singh’s followers gather yearly to honor his birth anniversary.

2. Chittorgarh Fort – Rajasthan’s Proud Heritage

 Year Est.: 7th century AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Get ready to be amazed by Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan. Sitting proudly on a 590-foot-high hill, it tells the story of the brave Rajputs. Picture magnificent palaces, temples, and towers sharing stories of Rajput courage and their last stands. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is like a living history book!

Did You Know?

The Vijay Stambha, also known as the Victory Tower, in Chittorgarh Fort is a stunning stone-carved monument celebrating Maharana Kumbha’s victory over Mahmud Khilji. Built by Maharana Kumbha himself, it features elaborate carvings and inscriptions.

3. Agra Fort – Mughal Grandeur

 Year Est.: 1565 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Explore the grandeur of the Mughal era at Agra Fort in Uttar Pradesh. Situated on the Yamuna River’s banks, it was a residence for emperors like Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal. Emperor Akbar built it in 1565, making it a historic symbol of Mughal rule.

Did You Know?

Shah Jahan, who constructed the Taj Mahal, was imprisoned here by his son, Aurangzeb.

4. Red Fort – Delhi’s Jewel

 Year Est.: 1639 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Delhi’s Red Fort is one of India’s most prominent forts. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639, it has seen Mughal grandeur, colonial rule, and India’s fight for freedom. This UNESCO World Heritage Site charms visitors with its impressive red sandstone walls, beautiful gardens, and grand halls.

Did You Know?

It was the home of Mughal emperors and was known as “Qila-e-Mubarak” for about 200 years. Later, during colonial times, it was turned into a British fort.

5. Gwalior Fort – Madhya Pradesh’s Crown Gem

 Year Est.: 8th Century AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Gwalior Fort, a treasure in Madhya Pradesh, has a history spanning a thousand years. It was desired by rulers like the Tomars, Mughals, Marathas, and the British, all drawn to its unique architecture and strategic location.

Did You Know?

Inside Gwalior Fort, the Man Singh Palace is like a museum displaying various architectural styles from India, Persia, and Europe, blended uniquely.

6. Kangra Fort – Himachal’s Precious Relic

 Year Est.: Circa 4th century BC

10 Oldest Forts In India

Kangra Fort in Himachal Pradesh is incredibly old, dating back to the 4th century BC. Over its long history, it has seen the reigns of different empires, including the Katoch rulers and the British.

Did You Know?

Kangra Fort has a history of over 2,000 years and is even mentioned in the Mahabharata. It’s a treasure trove for history lovers!

7. Jaigarh Fort – Rajasthan’s Defender

 Year Est.: 1726 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Jaigarh Fort in Rajasthan, also known as the Victory Fort, is known for its grandeur. It boasts the world’s largest wheeled cannon, Jaivana. Maharaja Jai Singh II built it and used it as a formidable defense line and treasury for the royal family.

Did You Know?

Jaigarh Fort offers stunning views, hidden treasures, and secret passages connecting it to the famous Amber Fort. Its cannon, Jaivana, is like a hero from medieval times.

8. Mehrangarh Fort – Jodhpur’s Crown Gem

Year Est.: 1459 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur is a proud symbol of Rajput history. Built in 1459 on a 400-foot hill, it is overflowing with tales and treasures. The museum offers a journey back in time to experience the splendor of the Rajputs.

Did You Know?

Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur has never fallen to any enemy despite many attempts. This earned it the reputation of being “invincible,” it continues to stand strong as a symbol of resilience.

9. Golconda Fort – Telangana’s Precious Jewel​​

 Year Est.: Circa 1143 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Have you ever heard of a fort that’s also an acoustic wonder? Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, Telangana, fits the bill perfectly. Initially built as a mud fort, it was later reinforced by the Outb Shahi dynasty using granite stone. Once a bustling center for the diamond trade, this ancient fort has a rich history to explore.

Did You Know?

Golconda Fort has ties to some of the world’s most famous diamonds, including the Hope Diamond and Koh-i-Noor.

10. Palakkad Fort – Kerala’s Time Portal

 Year Est.: 1766 AD

10 Oldest Forts In India

Located in Kerala, Palakkad Fort, also known as Tipu’s Fort, tells stories of the past. Built in 1766 by Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore, the fort saw fierce battles between the British and the Mysore kingdom.

Did You Know?

Inside this fort, there’s a Hanuman temple! Who would have thought that history and spirituality could go hand in hand? It’s one of the rare forts that has a temple within its premises.


And there you have it – a relaxed trip through India’s most fascinating ancient forts. From Punjab to Kerala, these forts act as captivating portals that take us back in time.

They make history come alive, reminding us of the fascinating stories woven into India’s colorful history. So, as you explore these forts next time, remember – you’re not just touring; you’re journeying through time!


Q1: What are the oldest forts in India?

Ans: The oldest forts in India include Qila Mubarak, Chittorgarh Fort, Agra Fort, Red Fort, Gwalior Fort, Kangra Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Mehrangarh Fort, Golconda Fort, and Palakkad Fort.

Q2: Where are these forts located?

Ans: These forts are located across various states in India, including Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Telangana, and Kerala.

Q3: What makes these forts significant?

Ans: These forts hold historical significance due to their age, architectural marvels, and the events that occurred within their walls. They symbolize the rich heritage and cultural diversity of India.

Q4: Who built these forts?

Ans: These forts were built by various rulers and dynasties over centuries, including Rajputs, Mughals, Marathas, and British colonial powers.

Q5: Are these forts open to visitors?

Ans: Yes, most of these forts are open to visitors and serve as popular tourist attractions, allowing people to explore their history and architecture.

Q6: Do these forts have any special features?

Ans: Yes, each fort has its unique features, such as architectural styles, historical events, and scenic views. For example, some forts house palaces, temples, museums, and cannons.

Q7: What is the best time to visit these forts?

Ans: The best time to visit these forts varies depending on the location and weather conditions of each region. Generally, the winter months (October to March) are preferred for sightseeing due to milder temperatures.

Q8: Are there guided tours available at these forts?

Ans: Yes, many of these forts offer guided tours conducted by trained professionals who provide insights into their history, architecture, and significance.

Q9: Are there any entry fees for visiting these forts?

Ans: Entry fees may vary for each fort, and some forts offer free entry for certain categories of visitors, such as children, students, and senior citizens. It is advisable to check the official website or inquire locally for updated information.

Q10: Can these forts be explored in a single day?

Ans: Depending on the size and attractions of each fort, exploring them thoroughly may require more than a day. It is recommended to plan your visit in advance and allocate sufficient time to cover all the major highlights.

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