1. To Kill a Mockingbird
by Harper Lee
“To Kill a Mockingbird” is a classic novel by Harper Lee, first published in 1960. The story is set in the 1930s in a small Southern town in the US and follows the life of Scout Finch, a young girl growing up with her brother Jem and their father Atticus, a respected lawyer. The novel explores themes of racism, prejudice, injustice, and loss of innocence as Scout and Jem learn about the harsh realities of their society through their father’s defense of a black man accused of rape. “To Kill a Mockingbird” is widely considered a masterpiece of American literature and has been praised for its powerful storytelling and social commentary.
by George Orwell
“1984” is a dystopian novel by George Orwell, published in 1949. The story is set in a totalitarian society in 1984. It follows the life of Winston Smith, a low-ranking ruling party member who begins to rebel against the oppressive regime. The novel explores themes of government control, propaganda, surveillance, and the manipulation of the truth. It is widely regarded as a classic of dystopian literature and has profoundly influenced modern political and cultural discourse. “1984” continues to be a powerful warning against the dangers of authoritarianism and the erosion of individual freedoms.
3. Pride and Prejudice
by Jane Austen
“Pride and Prejudice” is a novel by Jane Austen, first published in 1813. The story follows the life of Elizabeth Bennet, the second eldest of five sisters, as she navigates the world of love and marriage in 19th-century England. The novel explores themes of social class, marriage, gender roles, and the power of first impressions. “Pride and Prejudice” is widely regarded as one of the greatest works of English literature and has been praised for its wit, satire, and sharp observations of human behavior. It continues to be a beloved and influential work, with adaptations and retellings in various forms of media.
4. The Catcher in the Rye
by J.D. Salinger
“The Catcher in the Rye” is a novel by J.D. Salinger, first published in 1951. Holden Caulfield narrates the story of a teenage boy expelled from his boarding school and wandering through New York City for a few days before returning home. The novel explores alienation, disillusionment, and the struggle to find meaning in life. Holden’s voice and perspective have made “The Catcher in the Rye” a classic of American literature, with its portrayal of adolescence and its critiques of societal norms and conformity. The novel continues to be a famous and influential work, inspiring generations of readers and writers.
5. The Great Gatsby
by F. Scott Fitzgerald
“The Great Gatsby” is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, first published in 1925. The story is set in the summer of 1922 in Long Island, New York, and follows the life of Jay Gatsby, a mysterious and wealthy man who throws extravagant parties to win back his lost love, Daisy Buchanan. The novel explores themes of love, wealth, social class, and the American Dream. “The Great Gatsby” is widely regarded as a masterpiece of American literature and praised for its lyrical prose, vivid characters, and evocative portrayal of the Jazz Age. It continues to be a beloved and influential work, with adaptations and retellings in various forms of media.
6. The Hobbit
by J.R.R. Tolkien
“The Hobbit” is a fantasy novel by J.R.R. Tolkien, first published in 1937. The story follows the adventures of Bilbo Baggins, a hobbit recruited by the wizard Gandalf to join a group of dwarves on a quest to reclaim their treasure from the dragon Smaug. Along the way, they encounter various creatures and obstacles, including trolls, goblins, and a mysterious creature named Gollum. “The Hobbit” is widely regarded as a classic of children’s literature. It has been praised for its imaginative world-building, engaging characters, and timeless themes of courage, friendship, and the triumph of good over evil. It is also the prequel to Tolkien’s epic masterpiece, “The Lord of the Rings.”
7. The Lord of the Rings
by J.R.R. Tolkien
“The Lord of the Rings” is a high fantasy novel by J.R.R. Tolkien, first published in three volumes between 1954 and 1955. The story follows the journey of hobbit Frodo Baggins and his companions, who are on a quest to destroy the One Ring, a powerful artifact created by the evil lord Sauron to dominate the world. Along the way, they face numerous challenges and battles, including encounters with the wizard Gandalf, the elf Legolas, and the dwarf Gimli. “The Lord of the Rings” is widely regarded as a masterpiece of modern literature and has been praised for its richly detailed world-building, compelling characters, and epic scope. The book has profoundly influenced modern popular culture and continues to captivate readers of all ages.
8. Jane Eyre
by Charlotte Bronte
“Jane Eyre” is a novel by Charlotte Bronte, first published in 1847. The story follows the life of the eponymous protagonist, Jane Eyre, from her unhappy childhood to her employment as a governess at Thornfield Hall, where she falls in love with the brooding Mr. Rochester. The novel explores themes of love, class, gender, and morality. “Jane Eyre” is widely regarded as a classic of English literature and praised for its vivid characters, passionate storytelling, and feminist themes. It continues to be a beloved and influential work, inspiring adaptations and retellings in various forms of media.
9. Wuthering Heights
by Emily Bronte
“Wuthering Heights” is a novel by Emily Bronte, first published in 1847. The story revolves around the passionate and destructive relationship between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, an orphan boy adopted by Catherine’s father. Set in the wild and rugged moors of Yorkshire, England, the novel explores themes of love, revenge, social class, and the supernatural. “Wuthering Heights” is widely regarded as a masterpiece of English literature and praised for its hauntingly beautiful prose, complex characters, and darkly romantic themes. It continues to be a beloved and influential work, inspiring adaptations and retellings in various forms of media.
10. Crime and Punishment
by Fyodor Dostoevsky
“Crime and Punishment” is a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, first published in 1866. The story follows the life of Rodion Raskolnikov, a poor ex-student in St. Petersburg who commits a brutal murder and then struggles with guilt and conscience. Set against the backdrop of poverty, crime, and political turmoil in 19th-century Russia, the novel explores themes of morality, redemption, and the human psyche. “Crime and Punishment” is widely regarded as a masterpiece of world literature and has been praised for its psychological depth, social commentary, and gripping narrative. It continues to be a famous and influential work, inspiring adaptations and interpretations in various forms of media.
11. Anna Karenina
by Leo Tolstoy
“Anna Karenina” is a novel written by Russian author Leo Tolstoy. It was first published in 1878 and is widely regarded as one of the greatest works of fiction ever written. The novel tells the story of Anna Karenina, a married woman who has an affair with Count Vronsky, and the consequences that result from their actions. The book also explores themes of love, marriage, society, and morality in 19th century Russia.
12. One Hundred Years of Solitude
by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
One Hundred Years of Solitude” is a novel written by Colombian author Gabriel Garcia Marquez. It was first published in 1967 and is considered a masterpiece of magical realism. The book tells the story of the Buendía family over the course of seven generations in the fictional town of Macondo. The novel explores themes of love, family, time, and the cyclical nature of history. It is known for its complex narrative structure and use of magical elements to illustrate the struggles and triumphs of the Buendía family.
13. The Grapes of Wrath
by John Steinbeck.
“The Grapes of Wrath” is a novel written by American author John Steinbeck. It was first published in 1939 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1940. The book tells the story of the Joad family, who are forced to leave their farm during the Great Depression and Dust Bowl and migrate to California in search of work and a better life. The novel explores themes of poverty, migration, social injustice, and the resilience of the human spirit in the face of adversity. It is considered a classic of American literature and is still widely read and studied today.
14. Moby Dick
by Herman Melville.
“Moby-Dick” is a novel written by American author Herman Melville. It was first published in 1851 and tells the story of a sailor named Ishmael and his obsession with hunting a white whale named Moby Dick. The book explores themes of revenge, obsession, the nature of evil, and the limits of human knowledge. It is also known for its detailed descriptions of whaling and life at sea, as well as its philosophical musings on the human condition. Although the book was not a commercial success during Melville’s lifetime, it is now considered a masterpiece of American literature and has been widely studied and adapted into various media.
15. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
by Mark Twain
“The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” is a novel written by American author Mark Twain. It was first published in 1884 and is widely regarded as one of the greatest works of American literature. The book tells the story of a young boy named Huck Finn and his journey down the Mississippi River with an escaped slave named Jim. Along the way, they encounter various characters and have many adventures. The novel explores themes of race, identity, morality, and the search for freedom. It is also known for its use of vernacular language and its satirical commentary on the society of the time. Despite some controversy over its use of racial slurs, the book remains a beloved classic and an important piece of American literary history.
16. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
by Mark Twain
“The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” is a novel written by American author Mark Twain. It was first published in 1876 and tells the story of a young boy named Tom Sawyer growing up in the fictional town of St. Petersburg, Missouri. The book is based on Twain’s own experiences as a boy and explores themes of boyhood, adventure, imagination, and social hierarchy. Tom’s adventures include running away to become a pirate, witnessing a murder, and finding buried treasure. The novel is also known for its memorable characters, including Tom’s love interest Becky Thatcher and his best friend Huckleberry Finn. The book has remained a popular classic in American literature and has been adapted into various media over the years.
17. The Picture of Dorian Gray
by Irish author Oscar Wilde.
“The Picture of Dorian Gray” is a novel written by Irish author Oscar Wilde. It was first published in 1890 and tells the story of a young man named Dorian Gray who has a portrait painted of himself. Dorian becomes obsessed with the portrait, which remains youthful and beautiful while he himself descends into a life of hedonism and sin. The novel explores themes of beauty, morality, and the corrupting influence of society. It is known for its wit and satire, as well as its depiction of the decadent lifestyle of the Victorian upper class. The book was controversial at the time of its publication and has since become a classic of English literature, with its themes and ideas still resonating with readers today.
by Victor Frankenstein
The scientist, Victor Frankenstein, becomes horrified by his creation and abandons it, leading the monster to seek revenge. The novel explores themes of creation, abandonment, responsibility, and the consequences of playing god. It has become a classic in the horror genre and continues to be studied and adapted in various forms of media.
19. Don Quixote
by Miguel de Cervantes
Don Quixote is a novel written by Miguel de Cervantes in the early 17th century. It follows the story of a man named Alonso Quixano who becomes so enamored with stories of chivalry and knights that he begins to lose touch with reality. He believes himself to be a knight named Don Quixote and sets out on a series of adventures with his loyal squire, Sancho Panza.
20. A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens
by Charles Dickens
A Tale of Two Cities is a novel written by Charles Dickens and published in 1859. It is set during the turbulent years leading up to and during the French Revolution, and tells the story of the intertwined lives of Charles Darnay, a French aristocrat, and Sydney Carton, a drunken lawyer in London.
21. The Brothers Karamazov
by Fyodor Dostoevsky
“The Brothers Karamazov” is a novel written by Fyodor Dostoevsky, first published in 1880. It is considered to be one of the greatest works of literature and explores themes such as family, religion, morality, and the human condition. The novel tells the story of the Karamazov family and the complex relationships between the three brothers, Dmitri, Ivan, and Alyosha. It also delves into the murder of their father, Fyodor Karamazov, and the subsequent trial. Through its characters and their struggles, “The Brothers Karamazov” presents a powerful commentary on the nature of humanity and the search for truth and meaning in life.
22. Les Miserables
by Victor Hugo
“Les Miserables” by Victor Hugo is a novel that tells the story of Jean Valjean, a former convict who seeks redemption while being pursued by Inspector Javert. Set in France during the 19th century, the book explores themes of justice, love, and compassion.
23. Sense and Sensibility
by Jane Austen
Sense and Sensibility is a novel by Jane Austen, published in 1811, about two sisters, Elinor and Marianne Dashwood, who navigate the challenges of finding love and happiness in English society during the late 18th century.
by Jane Austen
Emma is a novel by Jane Austen, published in 1815, about a young woman named Emma Woodhouse who enjoys matchmaking and meddling in the love lives of those around her, but eventually learns the consequences of her actions and finds love herself.
25. Little Women
by Louisa May Alcott
Little Women is a novel by Louisa May Alcott, published in 1868, about four sisters – Meg, Jo, Beth, and Amy March – growing up in the 19th century and facing various challenges such as poverty, illness, and heartbreak, while finding joy and support in their sisterhood and family bonds.
26. Great Expectations
by Charles Dickens
Great Expectations is a novel by Charles Dickens, published in 1861, about a young orphan named Pip who dreams of becoming a gentleman and rises in social status, but learns important lessons about love, loyalty, and the true nature of his great expectations along the way.
27. The Scarlet Letter
by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Scarlet Letter is a novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, published in 1850, about a woman named Hester Prynne who is forced to wear a scarlet letter “A” on her clothing as punishment for committing adultery in Puritan Boston. The novel explores themes of sin, guilt, redemption, and the consequences of societal judgment and hypocrisy.
by George Eliot
Middlemarch is a novel by George Eliot, published in 1871-1872, about the lives of various inhabitants of a small English town, with a focus on the intelligent and idealistic young woman Dorothea Brooke, who struggles to find fulfillment in her marriage and pursue her intellectual passions in a society that does not value women’s intelligence. The novel explores themes of marriage, politics, social change, and the pursuit of personal growth and happiness.
by James Joyce
Ulysses is a novel by James Joyce, published in 1922, which follows the experiences of three main characters – Leopold Bloom, Stephen Dedalus, and Molly Bloom – throughout the course of a single day in Dublin, Ireland. The novel uses a stream-of-consciousness narrative style and explores themes of identity, sexuality, religion, and the search for meaning in modern life.
by James Joyce
Dubliners is a collection of short stories by James Joyce, published in 1914, which depicts the lives of various characters living in Dublin, Ireland during the early 20th century. The stories offer vivid and often bleak portrayals of poverty, paralysis, and emotional isolation, and reflect on the societal and cultural issues of the time.
31. War and Peace
by Leo Tolstoy
War and Peace is a novel by Leo Tolstoy, published in 1869, which explores the impact of the Napoleonic Wars on Russian society through the lives of several interconnected aristocratic families. The novel delves into themes of love, war, politics, power, and the meaning of life, and offers a panoramic view of Russian history and culture during the early 19th century.
32. The Sound and the Fury
by William Faulkner
The Sound and the Fury is a novel by William Faulkner, published in 1929, which tells the story of the decline of the Compson family of Mississippi through the perspectives of several different narrators, including a mentally disabled man. The novel explores themes of time, memory, identity, and the legacy of slavery and racism in the American South. Its non-linear narrative structure and complex themes have made it a challenging and influential work in modernist literature.
33. The Canterbury Tales
by Geoffrey Chaucer
The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories by Geoffrey Chaucer, written in Middle English and published in the 14th century. The tales are framed as a storytelling competition among a group of pilgrims traveling from London to the shrine of Thomas Becket in Canterbury. The tales offer a wide range of genres, including romance, satire, and moral fable, and offer a vivid portrait of medieval English society and culture.
34. The Divine Comedy
by Dante Alighieri
The Divine Comedy is an epic poem written by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri in the early 14th century. It is widely considered one of the greatest works of world literature. The poem is divided into three parts, Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso, each describing the journey of Dante through the afterlife. Dante is guided by the Roman poet Virgil through Hell and Purgatory, and by Beatrice, a symbol of divine grace, through Heaven. The poem explores themes such as sin, redemption, love, and the nature of God.
35. Madame Bovary
Madame Bovary is a novel by French author Gustave Flaubert, first published in 1856. The story follows Emma Bovary, a woman who is unsatisfied with her provincial life and seeks escape through romantic affairs. Her actions lead to tragic consequences for herself and those around her. The novel is considered a masterpiece of literary realism and is known for its vivid descriptions of the French countryside and Flaubert’s careful attention to detail. It explores themes such as the pursuit of happiness, the emptiness of bourgeois life, and the consequences of reckless behavior.
36. Heart of Darkness
by Joseph Conrad
Heart of Darkness is a novella by Polish-British author Joseph Conrad, first published in 1899. The story follows Charles Marlow, a sailor who is sent on a mission up the Congo River in search of a mysterious ivory trader named Kurtz. Along the way, Marlow confronts the brutality and greed of European colonialism in Africa and the darkness that can exist within the human soul. The novella is known for its complex narrative structure and its exploration of themes such as imperialism, racism, and the human psyche. It has been widely studied and adapted in literature and film.
by Bram Stoker
Dracula is a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker, first published in 1897. The story follows the vampire Count Dracula, who attempts to move from Transylvania to England in order to spread the undead curse. The novel is told through a series of diary entries and letters from various characters, including the vampire hunter Professor Van Helsing and the protagonist Jonathan Harker. Dracula is known for its gothic atmosphere, suspenseful plot, and vivid characters. It has had a significant impact on popular culture and has inspired countless adaptations in film, television, and literature.
38. The Count of Monte Cristo
by Alexandre Dumas
The Count of Monte Cristo is a novel by French author Alexandre Dumas, first published in 1844. The story follows the young sailor Edmond Dantès, who is wrongfully imprisoned for treason and seeks revenge against those who betrayed him. After escaping from prison, he discovers a treasure on the island of Monte Cristo and uses his newfound wealth to manipulate his enemies and exact his revenge. The novel is known for its complex plot, intricate characters, and themes of justice, revenge, and redemption. It has been widely adapted in film, television, and literature and is considered one of the greatest adventure novels of all time.
39. A Clockwork Orange
by Anthony Burgess
A Clockwork Orange is a novel by British author Anthony Burgess, first published in 1962. The story is set in a dystopian future and follows the teenage delinquent Alex and his gang of “droogs” as they commit acts of violence and terrorize their community. After being arrested, Alex undergoes a controversial experimental treatment that eliminates his ability to choose between good and evil. The novel is known for its use of a unique language called “Nadsat” and its exploration of themes such as free will, the nature of evil, and the role of government in society. It has been adapted into a popular film by Stanley Kubrick.
by Vladimir Nabokov
Lolita is a novel by Russian-American author Vladimir Nabokov, first published in 1955. The story is told from the perspective of Humbert Humbert, a middle-aged man who becomes obsessed with a 12-year-old girl named Dolores Haze, whom he refers to as “Lolita”. Humbert becomes her stepfather and engages in a sexual relationship with her, leading to tragic consequences. The novel is known for its controversial subject matter and its complex narrative structure, which includes elements of humor, irony, and self-reflexivity. It explores themes such as desire, obsession, and the nature of love. Despite its controversial subject matter, the novel is considered a literary masterpiece and has had a significant impact on modern literature and popular culture.
41. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
by James Joyce
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a novel by Irish author James Joyce, first published in 1916. The story follows the early life and artistic development of Stephen Dedalus, a character based on Joyce himself. The novel is divided into five chapters, each representing a different stage in Stephen’s life and artistic journey. It explores themes such as the conflict between individual and societal expectations, the role of religion in society, and the nature of artistic expression. The novel is known for its stream-of-consciousness narrative style and its innovative use of language and imagery. It is considered a landmark work of modernist literature and has had a significant influence on the development of the modern novel.
42. The Sun Also Rises
by Ernest Hemingway
The Sun Also Rises is a novel by American author Ernest Hemingway, first published in 1926. The story follows a group of American and British expatriates as they travel from Paris to Pamplona, Spain to witness the running of the bulls and engage in other hedonistic pursuits. The protagonist, Jake Barnes, is a World War I veteran who has been left impotent by his injuries and is in love with the promiscuous Lady Brett Ashley. The novel explores themes such as disillusionment, the Lost Generation, and the search for meaning in a post-war world. It is known for its spare prose style, Hemingway’s use of the “iceberg theory”, and its portrayal of the emptiness and aimlessness of the post-war generation. The novel is considered one of Hemingway’s greatest works and a classic of modernist literature.
43. For Whom the Bell Tolls
by Ernest Hemingway
For Whom the Bell Tolls is a novel by American author Ernest Hemingway, first published in 1940. The story follows Robert Jordan, an American volunteer who has joined the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. Jordan is assigned to blow up a bridge behind enemy lines and is aided by a group of guerrilla fighters, including the beautiful Maria. The novel explores themes such as sacrifice, honor, and the nature of war. It is known for its realistic portrayal of the Spanish Civil War and its characters, as well as Hemingway’s spare prose style and his use of themes of death and mortality. The novel is considered one of Hemingway’s greatest works and a classic of 20th-century literature.
44. The Old Man and the Sea
by Ernest Hemingway
The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by American author Ernest Hemingway, first published in 1952. The story follows Santiago, an aging Cuban fisherman who has gone 84 days without catching a fish. On the 85th day, he goes out to sea and catches a giant marlin, but is forced to battle sharks on his way back to shore. The novella explores themes such as resilience, perseverance, and the struggle between man and nature. It is known for its spare prose style and its use of symbolism, particularly the marlin as a representation of Santiago’s personal struggle. The novella is considered one of Hemingway’s greatest works and won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953.
45. The Stranger
by Albert Camus
The Stranger, also known as The Outsider, is a novel by French author Albert Camus, first published in 1942. The story follows Meursault, a French Algerian who kills an Arab man for no apparent reason and then struggles to come to terms with the consequences of his actions. The novel explores themes such as the absurdity of human existence, the indifference of the universe, and the search for meaning in life. It is known for its minimalist prose style and its depiction of Meursault as a detached and apathetic figure. The novel is considered a classic of 20th-century literature and a key work of existentialism.
46. The Plague
by Albert Camus
The Plague is a novel by French author Albert Camus, first published in 1947. The story takes place in the Algerian city of Oran, which is hit by an outbreak of the bubonic plague. The novel follows the efforts of the city’s inhabitants to cope with the epidemic, including the efforts of Dr. Rieux, who works tirelessly to treat the sick, and the journalist Rambert, who tries to escape the city to be reunited with his lover. The novel explores themes such as the human condition, the struggle against adversity, and the nature of heroism. It is known for its allegorical nature, with the plague serving as a metaphor for the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. The novel is considered one of Camus’s greatest works and a classic of 20th-century literature.
47. The Trial
by Franz Kafka
The Trial is a novel by Czech author Franz Kafka, first published posthumously in 1925. The story follows Josef K., a bank clerk who is arrested and prosecuted by a mysterious and inaccessible court system for an unspecified crime. Despite his efforts to clear his name, K. is ultimately found guilty and sentenced to death. The novel explores themes such as bureaucracy, power, and the nature of justice. It is known for its surreal and nightmarish atmosphere, its portrayal of the absurdity of modern life, and its ambiguous ending. The novel is considered one of Kafka’s greatest works and a classic of 20th-century literature.
48. The Metamorphosis
by Franz Kafka
The Metamorphosis is a novella by Czech author Franz Kafka, first published in 1915. The story follows Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman who wakes up one morning to find that he has been transformed into a giant insect. The novella explores themes such as isolation, alienation, and the absurdity of modern life. It is known for its surreal and haunting atmosphere, its portrayal of the struggle between individuality and conformity, and its examination of the human condition. The novella is considered one of Kafka’s greatest works and a classic of 20th-century literature.
49. The Iliad
The Iliad is an epic poem by ancient Greek poet Homer, believed to have been composed in the 8th century BC. The poem tells the story of the Trojan War, a legendary conflict between the Greeks and the Trojans over the beautiful Helen of Troy. The poem focuses on the anger and pride of the Greek hero Achilles, who withdraws from battle after a dispute with the Greek commander Agamemnon, and the subsequent events that unfold. The poem explores themes such as the glory of war, the nature of heroism, and the workings of the gods in human affairs. It is known for its vivid descriptions of battle scenes, its complex characters, and its powerful depiction of the human condition. The Iliad is considered one of the greatest works of Western literature and a foundational text of Western civilization.
50. The Odyssey
The Odyssey is an epic poem by ancient Greek poet Homer, believed to have been composed in the 8th century BC. The poem tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus, who embarks on a long and perilous journey home after fighting in the Trojan War. Along the way, he encounters various mythical creatures, navigates treacherous waters, and battles against hostile enemies. Meanwhile, his wife Penelope and son Telemachus face their own challenges at home, as they struggle to maintain their position in the face of the suitors who seek to take over Odysseus’s kingdom. The poem explores themes such as the importance of hospitality, the consequences of pride and hubris, and the nature of heroism. It is known for its memorable characters, vivid descriptions, and powerful depiction of the human condition. The Odyssey is considered one of the greatest works of Western literature and a foundational text of Western civilization.
Beowulf is an epic poem from medieval England, composed in Old English, and is believed to have been written between the 8th and 11th centuries AD. The poem tells the story of the hero Beowulf, a Geatish warrior who comes to the aid of the Danish king Hrothgar to defeat the monstrous creature Grendel and his mother. Later in life, Beowulf becomes king of his own people, but must again face a formidable foe in a battle against a dragon. The poem explores themes such as heroism, loyalty, and the struggle between good and evil. It is known for its vivid descriptions of battles, its use of alliteration and kennings, and its portrayal of a pagan world that is being slowly converted to Christianity. Beowulf is considered one of the greatest works of Old English literature and a foundational text of English literature as a whole.
52. Canterbury Tales
by Geoffrey Chaucer
The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century. The frame narrative of the work is a group of pilgrims traveling to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral. Along the way, they each tell a story to pass the time, with Chaucer himself serving as the narrator. The stories vary in genre and subject matter, ranging from romance and comedy to tragedy and morality tales. The characters who tell the stories come from different social classes and professions, and their tales reflect their individual perspectives and experiences. The Canterbury Tales is known for its vivid and realistic portrayal of medieval life, its exploration of themes such as love, class, and morality, and its influence on English literature and language. It is considered one of the most important works of Middle English literature.
53. The Decameron
by Giovanni Boccaccio
The Decameron is a collection of novellas written by the Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio in the 14th century. The frame narrative of the work is a group of ten young people who flee from the city of Florence to escape the Black Death, and pass the time by telling each other stories over the course of ten days. The stories range in genre and subject matter, including romance, tragedy, comedy, and satire. The Decameron is known for its lively and realistic portrayal of medieval life, its exploration of human nature, and its influence on European literature. It is considered a masterpiece of Italian literature and a landmark work in the development of the short story as a literary form.
54. The Book of One Thousand and One Nights
The Book of One Thousand and One Nights, also known as The Arabian Nights, is a collection of Middle Eastern and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. The frame narrative of the work follows the Persian king Shahryar, who marries a new wife every day only to have her executed the next morning, until he meets Scheherazade, who tells him a story each night but leaves it unfinished, forcing the king to spare her life in order to hear the ending. The tales Scheherazade tells include adventure, romance, comedy, and supernatural elements, and feature iconic characters such as Aladdin, Sinbad, and Ali Baba. The stories have been translated into many languages and adapted into numerous works of literature, film, and other media.
55. Gulliver’s Travels
by Jonathan Swift
Gulliver’s Travels is a satirical novel written by Jonathan Swift in the 18th century. The novel follows the travels of Lemuel Gulliver, a ship’s surgeon who embarks on a series of journeys to remote and exotic lands. The novel is divided into four parts, each describing Gulliver’s encounters with different civilizations that satirize various aspects of human society and politics. In the first part, Gulliver visits Lilliput, a land of tiny people, and becomes embroiled in their political intrigues. In the second part, he visits Brobdingnag, a land of giants, and reflects on the flaws of human society from the perspective of a tiny man. In the third part, he visits Laputa, a floating island inhabited by intellectuals, and satirizes the excesses of the Enlightenment era. In the final part, Gulliver visits the land of the Houyhnhnms, a race of intelligent horses who govern over a society of savage humanoid creatures, and satirizes human nature itself. The novel is known for its blend of fantasy and satire, its inventive use of language, and its enduring influence on English literature and culture.
56. Robinson Crusoe
by Daniel Defoe
Robinson Crusoe is a novel written by Daniel Defoe in the 18th century. The novel tells the story of Robinson Crusoe, a young man from England who sets out on a sea voyage against his parents’ wishes. After being shipwrecked on a deserted island, Crusoe is forced to survive alone for many years, using his ingenuity and resourcefulness to make tools, build shelter, and grow crops. Crusoe’s isolation and struggle for survival are a central theme of the novel, as are his encounters with cannibals, mutineers, and other dangers. After many years, Crusoe is eventually rescued and returns to England, where he reflects on the lessons he learned during his time on the island. The novel is widely regarded as a classic of English literature and a seminal work of the adventure genre.
by Sir Walter Scott
Ivanhoe is a historical novel written by Sir Walter Scott in the 19th century. The novel is set in 12th century England, during the reign of King Richard the Lionheart, and follows the adventures of the titular character, Wilfred of Ivanhoe, a Saxon knight who has been disinherited by his father for supporting Richard. Ivanhoe becomes involved in a series of conflicts and intrigues between the Normans and Saxons, including a tournament in which he competes under a pseudonym and wins the affection of Lady Rowena, a Saxon noblewoman. The novel also features the villainous Templar knight, Sir Brian de Bois-Guilbert, who kidnaps Lady Rowena and is ultimately defeated by Ivanhoe. The novel is noted for its vivid depictions of medieval life and its exploration of themes of chivalry, romance, and national identity.
58. Oliver Twist
by Charles Dickens
Oliver Twist is a novel written by Charles Dickens in the 19th century. The novel tells the story of a young orphan boy named Oliver Twist who is raised in a workhouse and then sold into apprenticeship with an undertaker. After escaping from his apprenticeship, Oliver joins a gang of pickpockets led by the criminal Fagin and becomes embroiled in a series of dangerous adventures. The novel also features the kindly Mr. Brownlow, who takes Oliver in and helps him uncover the truth about his past. Oliver Twist is known for its vivid depictions of poverty and crime in 19th century London, as well as its exploration of themes of social injustice, morality, and redemption.
59. David Copperfield
by Charles Dickens
David Copperfield is a novel written by Charles Dickens in the 19th century. The novel tells the story of its eponymous protagonist, who grows up in poverty and endures a difficult childhood before ultimately becoming a successful writer. Along the way, David encounters a wide cast of memorable characters, including his abusive stepfather, Mr. Murdstone, the kind-hearted Mr. Micawber, and the eccentric Mr. Dick. The novel also features a romantic subplot involving David and his childhood friend, Dora Spenlow. David Copperfield is known for its vivid depictions of Victorian society, its exploration of themes of childhood, love, and social class, and its memorable characters.
60. Bleak House
by Charles Dickens
Bleak House is a novel written by Charles Dickens in the 19th century. The novel tells the story of a long-running legal case known as Jarndyce and Jarndyce, which serves as a symbol of the inefficiencies and injustices of the English legal system. The novel features a large cast of memorable characters, including the orphan Esther Summerson, the mysterious Lady Dedlock, and the sleuthing duo of Inspector Bucket and Mr. Guppy. The novel also explores themes of inheritance, family, and the effects of poverty on society. Bleak House is known for its intricate plot, its use of multiple narrators, and its powerful indictment of the English legal system.
61. Nicholas Nickleby
by Charles Dickens
Nicholas Nickleby is a novel written by Charles Dickens in the 19th century. The novel tells the story of its eponymous protagonist, a young man who becomes responsible for his mother and sister after his father’s death. Nicholas struggles to support his family and find his place in the world, eventually becoming a schoolteacher and encountering a wide cast of memorable characters, including the cruel schoolmaster Wackford Squeers, the kind-hearted Cheeryble brothers, and the scheming Ralph Nickleby. The novel also features a romantic subplot involving Nicholas and the beautiful Madeline Bray. Nicholas Nickleby is known for its social commentary on the treatment of children in Victorian society, its use of humor and satire, and its memorable characters.
62. The Secret Garden
by Frances Hodgson Burnett
The Secret Garden is a novel written by Frances Hodgson Burnett in the early 20th century. The novel tells the story of Mary Lennox, a young girl who is sent to live with her uncle at his gloomy estate in Yorkshire, England, after her parents die of cholera in India. There, Mary discovers a secret garden that has been locked up for years, and with the help of her friend Dickon and her cousin Colin, she works to restore the garden to its former glory. As the garden blooms, Mary and her friends also begin to heal and grow, overcoming their own personal challenges and traumas. The Secret Garden is known for its themes of nature, healing, and the power of friendship, and is considered a classic of children’s literature.
63. A Christmas Carol
by Charles Dickens
A Christmas Carol is a novella written by Charles Dickens in the mid-19th century. The story follows Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly and cold-hearted businessman who is visited by three ghosts on Christmas Eve: the Ghost of Christmas Past, the Ghost of Christmas Present, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. Through these ghostly visits, Scrooge is forced to confront the consequences of his selfishness and greed, and he ultimately decides to change his ways and become a kinder, more generous person. A Christmas Carol is known for its powerful message of redemption and its depiction of Victorian Christmas traditions, such as caroling, feasting, and gift-giving. The novella has been adapted into numerous films, plays, and other media, and remains a beloved classic of holiday literature.
64. The Wind in the Willows
The Wind in the Willows is a children’s novel by Kenneth Grahame, published in 1908. It follows the adventures of four anthropomorphic animals – Mole, Rat, Badger, and Toad – as they explore the English countryside and the River Thames. They encounter various challenges and foes, including the devious weasels and the reckless Toad. The novel is celebrated for its vivid descriptions of nature and its charming characters, and has been adapted into several films, stage productions, and other media.
65. The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
by Arthur Conan Doyle
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve short stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring the detective Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr. John Watson. The stories were originally published in The Strand Magazine from 1891 to 1892 and are some of the most famous and beloved detective stories in the world. Each story follows Holmes and Watson as they solve a new case, using their unique deductive reasoning and attention to detail. The collection includes some of Conan Doyle’s most well-known works, such as “A Scandal in Bohemia,” “The Red-Headed League,” and “The Adventure of the Speckled Band.”
66. The Hound of the Baskervilles
by Arthur Conan Doyle
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a detective novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle featuring Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr. John Watson. The novel follows Holmes and Watson as they investigate the legend of a supernatural hound that is said to haunt the Baskerville family. The story takes place primarily in the isolated and eerie setting of the Baskerville estate, and the tension and suspense build throughout the novel as the mystery of the hound and the fate of the Baskervilles unfold. The novel is considered one of Conan Doyle’s greatest works and a classic of the detective genre.
67. The War of the Worlds
by H.G. Wells
The War of the Worlds is a science fiction novel by H.G. Wells. It depicts an invasion of Earth by technologically advanced Martians who use deadly weapons, such as heat-rays and poisonous gas, to conquer and destroy human civilization. The novel follows the narrator, who witnesses the Martian invasion and struggles to survive as society collapses around him. The War of the Worlds is a seminal work in the science fiction genre, and has influenced countless works of fiction and popular culture.
68. The Time Machine
by H.G. Wells
The Time Machine is a science fiction novel by H.G. Wells. It tells the story of a scientist who invents a time machine and travels hundreds of thousands of years into the future, witnessing the gradual evolution of humanity and the decline of civilization. The Time Machine is a pioneering work of science fiction that explores the themes of time travel and social commentary on the future of humanity.
69. Lord Jim
by Joseph Conrad
Lord Jim is a novel by Joseph Conrad that tells the story of a young seaman who, following a moment of cowardice, seeks redemption and sets out on a quest to prove his courage and honor. The novel explores themes of guilt, redemption, and the search for identity, as well as Conrad’s characteristic exploration of the human condition in the context of the sea and the colonial world.
by Joseph Conrad
Nostromo is a novel by Joseph Conrad set in the fictitious South American country of Costaguana, and tells the story of a silver mine owner named Charles Gould, his wife, and the man known as “Nostromo”, a skilled and trusted worker on the wharf who becomes involved in the politics of the region. The novel explores themes of imperialism, corruption, revolution, and the human struggle for power and wealth.
71. The Call of the Wild
by Jack London
“The Call of the Wild” is a novel by Jack London that follows the story of a dog named Buck who is taken from his comfortable life in California and sold as a sled dog in the harsh Yukon wilderness during the Gold Rush. As he adapts to his new life, Buck must learn to survive and navigate the brutal world of man and beast.
72. White Fang
by Jack London
“White Fang” is a novel by Jack London about the life of a wild wolf-dog in the Yukon during the Klondike Gold Rush. The story follows White Fang from his early days in the wild to his capture by humans, and his gradual domestication and transformation into a loyal companion. Along the way, White Fang encounters various challenges and struggles to reconcile his wild instincts with his new life in human society.
73. The Age of Innocence
by Edith Wharton
“The Age of Innocence” by Edith Wharton is a novel set in 1870s New York City that explores the societal rules and expectations of the upper class. It tells the story of Newland Archer, a wealthy young man who falls in love with the unconventional and scandalous Countess Ellen Olenska, but is torn between his feelings and his duty to conform to the strict social norms of his time.
74. Ethan Frome
by Edith Wharton
“Ethan Frome” is a novel by Edith Wharton that tells the tragic story of Ethan Frome, a man living in a small New England town who is unhappily married to his sickly wife, Zeena. When Zeena’s young cousin, Mattie, comes to live with them, Ethan falls in love with her, leading to a series of events that ultimately result in a devastating end for all three characters.
75. The Red Badge of Courage
by Stephen Crane
“The Red Badge of Courage” is a novel by Stephen Crane that tells the story of Henry Fleming, a young soldier in the American Civil War who struggles with fear and uncertainty in the face of battle.
by Henry David Thoreau
“Walden” is a book by Henry David Thoreau that documents his two-year stay in a cabin he built in the woods near Walden Pond. Thoreau reflects on his experiences and observations, emphasizing the importance of self-reliance, simplicity, and living in harmony with nature.
77. The Adventures of Pinocchio
by Carlo Collodi
“The Adventures of Pinocchio” is a classic Italian children’s novel written by Carlo Collodi. The story follows a wooden puppet named Pinocchio who wants to become a real boy. Along the way, he gets into trouble and learns valuable life lessons with the help of his conscience, Jiminy Cricket.
78. The Three Musketeers
by Alexandre Dumas
79. Jane Austen: The Complete Novels
by Jane Austen
“The Three Musketeers” is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, originally published in French in 1844. The story follows young d’Artagnan as he travels to Paris to join the Musketeers of the Guard, an elite group of soldiers who serve the King of France. He befriends three of the most renowned Musketeers – Athos, Porthos, and Aramis – and together they have many adventures, including fighting against their enemy, the Cardinal’s Guards. Along the way, they encounter love, betrayal, and political intrigue.
80. The Complete Works of William Shakespeare
by William Shakespeare
“The Complete Works of William Shakespeare” is a collection of plays, sonnets, and other works by the famous English playwright and poet, William Shakespeare. It includes some of his most well-known and celebrated works such as “Romeo and Juliet,” “Hamlet,” “Macbeth,” “Othello,” and “King Lear,” among others.
81. The Book of Joby
by Mark J. Ferrari
“The Book of Joby” by Mark J. Ferrari is a modern epic fantasy novel that follows the journey of Joby, a boy who discovers he is the long-awaited savior of the universe and must confront dark forces to save all of creation.
82. The Name of the Wind
by Patrick Rothfuss
“The Name of the Wind” is a fantasy novel that follows the story of Kvothe, a legendary wizard and musician. He tells his life story to a scribe, chronicling his rise to fame and his search for the truth behind a mysterious event that led to his downfall.
83. The Harry Potter series
by J.K. Rowling
The Harry Potter series follows a young orphan, Harry Potter, who discovers he is a wizard and attends a magical school called Hogwarts. Along with his friends Hermione and Ron, Harry faces many challenges, including battling the dark wizard Voldemort, who killed his parents. Throughout the series, Harry learns about magic, makes new friends and allies, and grows into a courageous hero.
84. The Hunger Games series
by Suzanne Collins
The Hunger Games is a trilogy set in a dystopian future where a totalitarian government controls the 12 districts of the nation of Panem. Every year, one boy and one girl from each district are chosen to participate in the Hunger Games, a brutal televised competition where they fight to the death until only one person remains. The series follows the story of Katniss Everdeen, a teenage girl from District 12 who volunteers to participate in the games in order to protect her younger sister, and her journey to challenge the oppressive government and fight for freedom.
85. The Handmaid’s Tale
by Margaret Atwood
“The Handmaid’s Tale” is a dystopian novel by Margaret Atwood, set in a future totalitarian society in which women are forced to bear children for infertile couples. The story follows the life of a handmaid named Offred, who struggles to survive in this oppressive world while trying to find her daughter who was taken from her.
86. Brave New World
by Aldous Huxley
“Brave New World” is a dystopian novel by Aldous Huxley, published in 1932. The story takes place in a future society where people are genetically engineered and conditioned to conform to a rigid social hierarchy, with no individuality or freedom of thought. The novel follows the protagonist, Bernard Marx, as he grapples with his own sense of dissatisfaction with the world around him and eventually rebels against the status quo.
87. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
by Douglas Adams
“The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” is a humorous science fiction novel by Douglas Adams that follows the adventures of an unwitting human and his alien friend as they travel through space and time, encountering various strange characters and situations along the way.
by Kurt Vonnegut
Slaughterhouse-Five is a novel by Kurt Vonnegut that follows the experiences of the protagonist, Billy Pilgrim, as he becomes “unstuck in time” and travels to various moments of his life, including his experiences during World War II and his abduction by aliens. The novel is known for its satirical and anti-war themes.
by Joseph Heller
“Catch-22” is a satirical novel by Joseph Heller that follows the story of Captain John Yossarian, an American bombardier in World War II, who struggles to maintain his sanity while fulfilling his duties. The novel explores themes of bureaucracy, absurdity, and the futility of war, as Yossarian and his fellow soldiers navigate the arbitrary rules and illogical logic of their commanding officers.
90. The Bell Jar
by Sylvia Plath
“The Bell Jar” is a novel by Sylvia Plath that tells the story of Esther Greenwood, a young woman who experiences mental health struggles as she tries to find her place in the world. The novel explores themes of identity, depression, and the limitations placed on women in the 1950s.
91. The Color Purple
by Alice Walker
“The Color Purple” is a novel by Alice Walker that follows the life of an African American woman named Celie, who is subjected to various forms of abuse and oppression throughout her life. The story explores themes of racism, sexism, and sexual identity, and Celie’s journey towards self-discovery and empowerment. With the help of other women in her life, including her sister and a blues singer named Shug Avery, Celie learns to overcome the obstacles in her path and find a sense of hope and resilience.
92 . A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
by Betty Smith
“A Tree Grows in Brooklyn” is a coming-of-age novel set in early 20th century Brooklyn. It follows the life of Francie Nolan, a young girl who grows up in poverty but finds solace in books and writing. The novel explores themes of family, education, poverty, and the immigrant experience as Francie navigates the challenges of growing up in a harsh environment while pursuing her dreams of a better life.
93. Their Eyes Were Watching God
by Zora Neale Hurston
“Their Eyes Were Watching God” by Zora Neale Hurston is a novel about the life of a young African American woman named Janie Crawford, who searches for love and identity in the early 20th century South. The story explores themes of gender roles, racism, and the search for self-discovery.
94. The Joy Luck Club
by Amy Tan
“The Joy Luck Club” by Amy Tan is a novel that explores the relationships between Chinese-American women and their mothers. The story is told from the perspectives of four Chinese-American daughters and their mothers, who are recent immigrants to the United States. The novel deals with themes of cultural identity, family relationships, and the struggle to reconcile the past with the present.
95. The Poisonwood Bible
by Barbara Kingsolver
“The Poisonwood Bible” is a novel by Barbara Kingsolver, which tells the story of the Price family who move to the Belgian Congo in the late 1950s as Baptist missionaries. Through the voices of the five women in the family, the book explores the effects of colonialism, religion, and cultural clashes on the African country and its people, as well as on the Price family themselves.
by Toni Morrison
“Beloved” is a novel by Toni Morrison that tells the story of Sethe, a former slave who has escaped to Ohio, but is haunted by the ghost of her baby daughter whom she killed to prevent her from being taken back into slavery. The novel explores themes of slavery, memory, trauma, and motherhood, and is a powerful depiction of the impact of slavery on African American lives.
97. Song of Solomon
by Toni Morrison
“Song of Solomon” is a novel by Toni Morrison that tells the story of Macon “Milkman” Dead, a young black man searching for his identity and exploring his family’s history. The novel explores themes of racism, identity, and love through the lens of African-American culture and history.
98. The Glass Castle
by Jeannette Walls
“The Glass Castle” is a memoir by Jeannette Walls that tells the story of her childhood growing up in poverty with her dysfunctional family. Her parents were unconventional and often neglectful, but Walls and her siblings persevered and overcame their difficult upbringing to achieve success in their adult lives.
99. The Kite Runner
by Khaled Hosseini
“The Kite Runner” is a novel by Khaled Hosseini, which tells the story of Amir, a young boy from Afghanistan, and his journey to find redemption after betraying his childhood friend Hassan.
100. A Thousand Splendid Suns
by Khaled Hosseini
“A Thousand Splendid Suns” is a novel by Khaled Hosseini that tells the story of two women, Mariam and Laila, who live in Afghanistan during the tumultuous period of the Soviet occupation, the civil war, and the Taliban regime. The novel explores the themes of love, friendship, sacrifice, and the struggle for survival in a war-torn country where women’s rights are severely restricted.
101. Life of Pi
by Yann Martel
“Life of Pi” is a novel by Yann Martel that tells the story of a young Indian boy named Pi who survives a shipwreck and is stranded on a lifeboat with a Bengal tiger named Richard Parker. The novel explores themes of survival, faith, and the relationship between humans and animals.
102. The Alchemist
by Paulo Coelho
“The Alchemist” is a novel by Brazilian author Paulo Coelho that follows the journey of Santiago, a shepherd boy from Andalusia who dreams of finding a treasure in the Egyptian pyramids. Along the way, he meets several people who guide him towards his destiny and teach him important life lessons about following his dreams and listening to his heart.
103. The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
by Stieg Larsson
“The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo” is a crime novel by Swedish author Stieg Larsson. It follows the story of journalist Mikael Blomkvist and computer hacker Lisbeth Salander as they investigate the disappearance of a wealthy businessman’s niece. The novel deals with themes of violence against women and corruption in the Swedish corporate world.
104. The Help
by Kathryn Stockett
“The Help” is a novel by Kathryn Stockett that tells the story of African American maids working in white households in Jackson, Mississippi during the early 1960s. The book explores themes of racism, discrimination, and inequality, and highlights the power of empathy and friendship in overcoming social barriers.
105. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
by Rebecca Skloot
“The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks” is a non-fiction book that tells the story of Henrietta Lacks, an African American woman whose cancer cells were taken without her knowledge in 1951 and were used for scientific research, leading to numerous medical breakthroughs. The book also delves into the ethical issues surrounding medical research and the exploitation of marginalized communities.
106. Gone with the Wind
by Margaret Mitchell
“Gone with the Wind” is a historical romance novel by Margaret Mitchell set in the American South during the Civil War and Reconstruction era. It follows the life of Scarlett O’Hara, the daughter of a plantation owner, and her relationships with two men, Ashley Wilkes and Rhett Butler, against the backdrop of war and social change. The novel examines themes of love, survival, racism, and gender roles.
107. The Color of Water
by James McBride
“The Color of Water” is a memoir written by James McBride, where he describes his upbringing as a black man in the United States with a white Jewish mother. The book details his struggles with identity, racism, and the difficulties of growing up in a racially divided society.
108. The Martian
by Andy Weir
“The Martian” by Andy Weir is a science fiction novel about an astronaut named Mark Watney who is stranded on Mars and must use his knowledge and ingenuity to survive until he can be rescued.
by Tara Westover
” Educated” is a memoir by Tara Westover about her upbringing in a strict, survivalist family in rural Idaho, and her journey to gaining an education and breaking free from her family’s constraints.
110. A Little Life
by Hanya Yanagihara
“A Little Life” is a novel by Hanya Yanagihara that follows the lives of four college friends in New York City. The story centers on Jude, a successful lawyer with a traumatic past, and his struggles with relationships and mental health. It explores themes of trauma, friendship, and the human condition.
111. The Nightingale
by Kristin Hannah
“The Nightingale” by Kristin Hannah is a historical fiction novel that tells the story of two sisters living in France during World War II. The book explores themes of love, loss, and the strength of the human spirit as the sisters navigate the horrors of war and their own personal struggles.
112. The Overstory
by Richard Powers
“The Overstory” is a novel by Richard Powers that follows the interconnected lives of several people and their relationships with trees, exploring themes of ecological destruction, human interconnectedness, and the power of nature.
113. The Power of One
by Bryce Courtenay
“The Power of One” is a novel by Bryce Courtenay that tells the story of a young boy named Peekay who grows up in South Africa during World War II. He overcomes the challenges of racial prejudice, bullying, and violence to become a successful boxer and make a difference in his community.
114. The Shadow of the Wind
by Carlos Ruiz Zafon
“The Shadow of the Wind” is a novel set in Barcelona, Spain, in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. It follows a young boy named Daniel who becomes obsessed with a mysterious author and his book, only to discover a dark and dangerous secret surrounding the author’s life and work.
115. The Name of the Rose
by Umberto Eco
“The Name of the Rose” is a novel by Umberto Eco set in an Italian monastery in the 14th century. The story follows the Franciscan friar William of Baskerville and his apprentice, Adso of Melk, as they investigate a series of mysterious deaths within the monastery. Along the way, they uncover a web of political and religious intrigue, as well as a dangerous manuscript that could threaten the very foundations of the Catholic Church.
116. The Secret History
by Donna Tartt
“The Secret History” is a novel by Donna Tartt that follows a group of students at an elite New England college, and their involvement in a murder plot. The story is narrated by one of the students, Richard Papen, as he reflects on the events that led to the group’s downfall.
117. The Talented Mr. Ripley
by Patricia Highsmith
“The Talented Mr. Ripley” by Patricia Highsmith is a psychological thriller novel that follows Tom Ripley, a charming and manipulative young man who is hired to retrieve a wealthy American’s son from Italy. Tom becomes obsessed with the lavish lifestyle of the family and starts to create a new identity for himself, leading him down a path of deception, betrayal, and murder.
118. The Outsiders
by S.E. Hinton
“The Outsiders” is a coming-of-age novel by S. E. Hinton, first published in 1967. It tells the story of two rival teenage gangs in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the struggles of the narrator, Ponyboy Curtis, to find his place in the world.
119. The Lord of the Flies
by William Golding
“The Lord of the Flies” is a novel by William Golding that tells the story of a group of British boys stranded on an uninhabited island and their descent into savagery as they attempt to govern themselves without adult supervision. The novel explores themes of human nature, power, and the inherent evil in humanity.
120. The Giver
by Lois Lowry
“The Giver” is a dystopian novel by Lois Lowry, set in a world where everything, including emotions and memories, is strictly controlled. The story follows a 12-year-old boy named Jonas, who is chosen to become the next Receiver of Memory, a person who holds all the memories of the past. As Jonas begins to experience the pain and joy of the memories he receives, he becomes increasingly disillusioned with the oppressive society he lives in and begins to question everything he has ever known.