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Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

The world increasingly uses renewable resources to generate energy, with solar power leading the way. Governments and international…
Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

The world increasingly uses renewable resources to generate energy, with solar power leading the way. Governments and international organizations offer various incentives, such as trade tariffs and subsidies, to encourage investment in the solar energy market. The top 10 largest solar energy-producing countries are China, the United States, Japan, Germany, India, Italy, Australia, the United Kingdom, South Korea, and France. Among these, China is the leading producer, followed by the United States, Japan, and Germany.

This article will explore the top 10 solar energy-producing countries, their production levels, the largest solar power plants in each country, and the impact of government policies on solar energy production.

Solar Energy-Producing Countries

Countries that have harnessed solar power for their renewable energy goals now dominate global solar energy production. China leads the way, thanks to its strong manufacturing capabilities and supportive laws, boasting the largest installed capacity of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels in the world. Following China, the United States and India have made significant investments in solar infrastructure to meet global energy demands sustainably.

Japan and Germany have also made remarkable progress, using advanced technology and supportive regulations to overcome less-than-ideal conditions for solar energy production. South Korea and France focus on innovation in solar energy, while Italy, Australia, and Spain are taking advantage of their sunny climates to drive solar energy adoption.

The table below highlights the top 10 countries in solar energy production, their output, and their largest solar power plants.

RankCountriesSolar energy productionLargest solar power project
1China250 GWTengger Desert Solar Park
2United States90 GWSolar Star
3Japan70 GWSetouchi Kirei Solar Power Plant
4Germany50 GWLieberose Solar Park
5India40 GWBhadla Solar Park
6Italy20 GWMontalto di Castro Solar Park
7Australia15 GWSunraysia Solar Farm
8United Kingdom10 GWCleve Hill Solar Park
9South Korea10 GWSinAn Solar Power Plant
10France10 GWCestas Solar Park

1. China

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

China tops the list of the world’s largest solar energy producers. The country has invested heavily in solar power plant installations to earn this leading position.

  • A large part of West China has few people and plenty of unused land. This makes it ideal for solar energy production. The country produces about 250 gigawatt-hours of electricity, mainly in Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, and Jiangsu.
  • China’s largest solar power project is the Tengger Desert Solar Park in Zhongwei, Ningxia. It has a capacity of over 1,500 MW.
  • China’s growing solar farms are enhancing the country’s renewable energy portfolio, making solar power one of China’s most important renewable energy sources.
  • Government policies and programs, such as Feed-in Tariffs, Renewable Energy Quota Systems, and subsidies for solar farm installations, are also significantly fostering this growth.

2. United States

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

The United States is second on the list of top solar energy producers. The country benefits from ample sunlight across its states and supportive regulations.

  • Many parts of the United States feature expansive, flat terrain ideal for receiving sunlight throughout the day. The country produces about 90 gigawatt-hours of electricity from solar sources. States such as California, Arizona, and Texas have seen significant expansion in solar projects and contribute the most to solar energy production.
  • The largest solar power project in the United States is Solar Star, situated in Kern and Los Angeles Counties, California. It boasts a capacity of 747 MW.
  • Improved technology and affordable costs have significantly increased the adoption of solar energy nationwide.
  • The federal government has implemented subsidies and tax incentives to encourage the installation of solar projects. These include the Investment Tax Credit, Renewable Portfolio Standards, and net metering, which allows for earning credits for surplus electricity produced.

3. Japan

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

Japan ranks as the third-largest producer of solar energy globally. The country has achieved this through innovative rooftop solar panels, effectively harnessing solar energy despite resource limitations.

  • Despite Japan’s limited space and dense population, the country promotes rooftop solar panel installations to generate solar energy. Japan produces over 70 gigawatt-hours of electricity from solar sources. Following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, Japan accelerated its shift towards solar energy to meet its energy requirements.
  • Japan’s largest solar power project is the Setouchi Kirei Solar Power Plant in Okayama Prefecture. It has a capacity of around 235 MW.
  • Japan’s strong commitment to clean energy has positioned it as a significant player in the global solar energy market.
  • The Japanese government frequently offers low-interest loans and grants to support the setup of solar farms and provides exemptions to owners to encourage adoption.

4. Germany

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

Germany ranks fourth globally in solar energy production. The country has long been a proponent of renewable energy.

  • Germany’s push for decentralized energy production has led to a boost in solar energy. The country produces around 50 gigawatts of solar power. The regions of Bavaria, Baden-Wuerttemberg, and Rhine-Westphalia are the top contributors to this solar energy output.
  • Germany’s largest solar power plant is the Lieberose Solar Park in Brandenburg. It has a capacity of about 71.8 MW.
  • Despite having sunlight only for the year, Germany’s dedication to maximizing solar energy sets a global example.
  • The German government encourages investors to fund the solar energy sector by offering subsidies, tax exemptions, and tariffs.

5. India

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

India is the world’s fifth-largest producer of solar energy, and it has experienced significant growth in this sector in recent years.

  • India’s diverse geography offers abundant sunlight for solar energy production. The country generates around 40 gigawatts of solar energy. The states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Karnataka are the top contributors to India’s solar energy output.
  • India’s largest solar power project is the Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan. With a capacity of over 2,245 MW, it is a major source of electricity for the state.
  • India has developed off-grid solar solutions to meet the needs of rural areas. This effort highlights the country’s commitment to advancing solar energy technology, which will boost its socioeconomic conditions.
  • The government has launched various schemes and policies to support private and public companies that are starting solar power firms. Additionally, the manufacturing cost of solar panels is subsidized.

6. Italy

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

Italy ranks as the world’s sixth-largest producer of solar energy thanks to its favorable climate and landscape.

  • India’s dedication to clean energy encourages the nation to expand its solar power production as a sustainable green energy source. The country currently generates approximately 20 gigawatts of solar energy, with vast potential for further development.
  • Italy’s largest solar power project is the Montalto di Castro Solar Park in Lazio, with a capacity of 84.2 MW. Although the project is not yet completed, it is expected to be fully operational by 2025.
  • Italy’s commitment to transition to renewable energy and mitigate climate change impacts from resource overexploitation has driven Europe halfway towards its green energy goals.
  • Feed-in tariffs and net metering schemes have promoted the adoption of solar PV systems in both residential and commercial sectors across the country.

7. Australia

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

Australia ranks as the seventh-largest producer of solar energy globally, benefiting from its expansive landscape and abundant sunlight, ideal for solar energy production.

  • Australia’s commitment to shifting energy production to renewable resources has helped the country progress significantly. Australia currently produces around 15 gigawatt-hours of solar energy.
  • Australia’s largest solar power project is the Sunraysia Solar Farm in New South Wales, which can produce 255 MW of electricity.
  • Australia’s extensive landscape and remote communities drive the development of off-grid solar energy projects.
  • The Australian government has implemented standards and initiatives like the Large-scale Renewable Energy Target (LRET), which requires a specific percentage of the country’s electricity to come from renewable sources. The Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) also funds renewable energy projects.

8. United Kingdom

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

The United Kingdom ranks eighth globally in solar energy production despite having lower solar resources than other top nations.

  • The United Kingdom generates about 10 gigawatts of solar energy, making up a small part of its renewable energy output. The country hosts approximately 1176 solar farms.
  • The biggest solar power project in the UK is Cleve Hill Solar Park, situated in Kent. It can generate up to 350 megawatts of electricity.
  • In the United Kingdom, advanced solar technology and a strong commitment to achieving zero emissions are driving the growth of solar energy production.
  • The UK government has launched incentives like the Feed-in Tariff scheme and Contracts for Difference auctions to encourage the widespread use of solar panels.

9. South Korea

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

South Korea ranks as the ninth-largest producer of solar energy globally, thanks to its focus on research, development, and advanced technology.

  • South Korea generates about 9.8 gigawatt-hours of solar energy, contributing 14% to its renewable energy output. The country has installed around 19,600 solar power plants in recent years, with some still in the early stages of development.
  • The biggest solar power project in South Korea is the SinAn Solar Power Plant in SinAn, capable of generating 98 megawatts of electricity.
  • South Korea’s solar energy industry has experienced consistent growth in recent years, which has been marked by solar panel installation, manufacturing, and deployment investments.
  • The government has introduced incentives like the Renewable Portfolio Standard and solar feed-in tariffs to promote the establishment of solar power plants across different sectors.

10. France

Top 10 Largest Solar Energy-Producing Countries

France is the tenth-largest producer of solar energy globally. The country is actively shifting towards renewable energy sources, which is increasing the emphasis on solar energy production.

  • France generates about 9.7 gigawatt-hours of solar energy, contributing 37% to its renewable energy output.
  • The biggest solar power project in France is Cestas Solar Park in Gironde. With a capacity of 300 megawatts, it can supply enough electricity to meet the household needs (excluding heating) of 240,000 people in Bordeaux.
  • France is decentralizing its energy production by installing rooftop solar panels and carports and using agricultural land for renewable energy. This shift aims to reduce reliance on nuclear power.
  • The government has implemented tariffs and subsidies to promote investment, production, and installation of solar photovoltaics and panels across different sectors.


These top 10 countries lead the world in solar energy production, showcasing their commitment to renewable energy sources. Through advancements in technology, government incentives, and substantial investments, they are paving the way toward a sustainable energy future.


Q1: Which country produces the most solar energy?

Ans: China ranks first in solar energy production globally.

Q2: What factors contribute to a country’s solar energy production?

Ans: Factors include geographical location, government policies, technological advancements, and investment in solar infrastructure.

Q3: How does solar energy contribute to a country’s energy mix?

Ans: Solar energy significantly reduces dependence on fossil fuels and lowers carbon emissions.

Q4: Which country has the largest solar power project?

Ans: The largest solar power project is located in the United Arab Emirates and is known as the Noor Abu Dhabi Solar Plant.

Q5: How does solar energy benefit the environment?

Ans: Solar energy helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Q6: What are some challenges faced in expanding solar energy production?

Ans: Challenges include initial investment costs, intermittency of solar power, and grid integration issues.

Q7: How can individuals and businesses contribute to solar energy adoption?

Ans: Installing rooftop solar panels, supporting government policies promoting solar energy, and investing in solar projects.

Q8: Which country has the highest growth rate in solar energy production?

Ans: India has shown one of the highest growth rates in solar energy production in recent years.

Q9: What are some innovative uses of solar energy besides electricity generation?

Ans: Solar energy is also used in some regions to heat water, power vehicles, and desalinate water.

Q10: How does solar energy support economic growth?

Ans: It creates jobs in the manufacturing, installation, and maintenance sectors while reducing energy costs for businesses and households.

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